Facade engineering refers to the application of engineering principles to a facade and/or design. Facade engineering has come of age since the 1980s when high-tech facade engineering techniques were first introduced to the world. Nowadays, it plays an important role in building design and construction. The basic function of facade engineering is to provide the necessary protection from natural and man-made influences while simultaneously satisfying the desires of the end-users. Facade engineering designs are the product of numerous years of research and are constantly evolving to meet the various requirements of society.
Facade engineering is one of the most important aspects of the architectural and aesthetic performance of a structure. Facade engineering refers to the art and science of dealing with environmental, aesthetic and structural problems to effectively achieve the enclosure of buildings. Several factors need to be considered in the design, such as energy efficiency, facade stability, visual appeal and cost-effectiveness.
Factors to Consider
The first factor to consider is energy efficiency. It is a given fact that buildings can gain or lose energy through the facade, hence it is crucial to choose a facade engineering design that provides a better energy-saving rate. The second factor is facade stability. This refers to the ability of structures to withstand any external force. In addition to this, the principles must also take into consideration aesthetics and design.
When choosing facade engineering design, you have to take into account the philosophy that is being applied. Some philosophies believe that buildings should be eye-catching and appealing to potential customers. This is done through aesthetically pleasing materials, colours and textures, while the structure is built with practicality in mind. Meanwhile, other facade engineering principles require the structure of the building to be as efficient as possible.
Facade engineering design requires the specialist to conduct in-depth research on existing and potential structures. During this research, the facade engineer will make several considerations, such as site conditions, climate conditions, local utilities, and the existing infrastructure. Once all these considerations are gathered, the facade engineering designer can create a design, which is then implemented by the construction contractor. Facade engineering designs have to comply with the local building codes, which vary from area to area.
Facade engineering design is used when the concept is already feasible, but some additional changes have to be made. For instance, if the proposed design includes an already existing facade or structure, the designer may have to revise or modify the existing facade. Similarly, the principles may allow facade engineering to be used on new construction.
Facade engineering design is usually of two types – one that uses traditional facade engineering principles and design that do not use any traditional principles. In a facade engineering design that uses traditional principles, the designer will be required to create a model of the facade, as well as to gather relevant information from local utilities and the like. Facade engineering design can also be of a virtual type. This means that the design can be developed using computer-generated images. There are several advantages of using virtual designs.
Facade engineering design is one important factor in ensuring the safety of the exterior of the building. As the result, many of today’s designs are highly functional, as well as being highly aesthetic. They ensure that the facade engineering concept can meet the requirements of the local as well as federal building codes.